1938, Pedro Soler began playing guitar with the exiled Andalusian refugees
who came to Toulouse after the Spanish Civil War. He gained experience
by performing in flamenco companies and later, by accompanying celebrated
flamenco singers and dancers, all which led to his present solo career.
flamenco is not a written music, his training consisted in directly receiving
the teaching of masters, such as Pepe de Badajoz and Perico del Lunar,
the senior. The singer Jacinto Almaden discovered in Pedro Soler
the essential qualities of a flamenco guitarist, and introduced him into
the deepest secrets of ancient flamenco songs, of which he was one of the
latest interpreters. With his company 'Sonidos Negros' they undertook
tours throughout Spain and Europe.
has also accompanied other famous singers such as Juan Varea, Enriaue Morente,
and the very respected Pepe de la Matrona, with whom he has held numerous
recitals. He has also accompanied distinguished flamenco dancers,
such as Carmen Amaya, La Chunga, and especially La Joselito, who introduced
him to the intricate world of flamenco dance.
has performed as a soloist throughout Europe, South America, Japan, Russia,
and Africa. In Paris, the Salle Pleyel and the Theatre des Champes
Elysèes have welcomed him, and in London he has appeared at Wigmore
Hall and Queen Elizabeth Hall.
for RCA Victor, Decca, Le Chant du Monde and CBS, he was awarded the Prix
International du Disque of the Charles Cros Academy in 1964, and the Great
Prize of the German Record in 1980.
performance at the Theatre des Nations in Paris, Jean Louis Barrault, director
of the theater at that time, said: "Of all the flamenco guitar music played
and to which people dance, there is one particularly pure, it is Pedro
is the music, songs and dances from Andalusia. Its origins come from the
ancient Andalusian chants, folk songs, and lullabies.
music has been much influenced by oriental music. First, when the catholic
church adopted the Byzantine rite (Gregorian chant); later through the
presence for several centuries of the Arabs in Spain, and finally, with
the arrival of gypsies coming from India.
unique music came to life finding an equilibrium between East and West,
especially through the use of the guitar, a tempered instrument, which
has ever since accompanied its songs and dances.
flamenco was only present at family celebrations and intimate gatherings;
however, during the last century, it progressed from ‘tablaos’ and ‘café
cantantes’ to concert halls and to the general public. Although it remains
the expression of the Andalusian people, vine-growers, muleteers, blacksmiths
or miners, it has also been cultivated by professional artists and has
had a surge of interest and activity in recent years. Flamenco is a music
of oral tradition and is continually evolving.
or deep chant is the purest expression of flamenco, and ‘soleares’, ‘tientos’,
and ‘seguiriyas’, are the pure styles which originated in India and were
developed and disseminated by the Gypsies. These styles have since
known great interpreters such as D. Antonio Chacon, Manual Torres, la Nina
de los Peines, and Pepe de la Matrona.
y penas de Andalucia’ (joys and sadness of Andalusia and its people), such
are the two aspects of this art which can translate the sorrows of the
workers’ daily lives, their loneliness, their anxieties, as well as the
joy and frenzy of their village celebrations.